Analysis about Conversation Features. Differenfes Among British and American English
The purpose of our project is to find and analyze conversational features and find out if there are any distinctions between American and English English. In order to achieve the aim, we have selected as a corpus two chapters of distinct Tv shows: The first one in the American series вЂ’Six Foot UnderвЂ’ and the other a single from the British series вЂ“ Teachers. Our corpus contains approximately 12000 words, every script having around 6000 words. The two series are part of comedy genre, with adult characters of similar grow older and cultural status. Both equally series indicate the real utilization of language in their respective societies. They were on sale since similar times, between 2001 and 2002. Six Feet Under can be described as black comedy-drama of a group of people, who work in a mortuary, dealing with problems such as human relationships, infidelity, and religion. In the episode we now have chosen, known as Familia, Fisher & Daughters (the mortuary) arranges a funeral for a gang member (Paco), whilst Nate (Ruth's son) is a suspect within an arson and Ruth contains a pleasing dinner pertaining to Brenda (Nate's girlfriend). Teachers is a comedy-drama which is located mostly close to a fictional university and gives all of us a realistic take on how university life is through the eye of the teachers. Inside the first episode with the second time of year, a new yr at Summerdown School starts off, and there are two new staff members. Simon worries about falling into the same old routine whilst Kurt is still trying to remove Carol. Susan finds himself with a smash on new French tutor JP. The classification we are going to follow is the structure Biber ou al. make clear in their book: Longman Pupil Grammar of Spoken and Written The english language (1999). They classify the conversational features according to the sociable and situational characteristics of conversation they are associated with. While Biber et al. state, " chat cannot be characterized in terms of franche goals or social functionsвЂќ. This does not result from the other registers: academics prose, information, fiction. Discussion has a special set of features which may not be found in the other registers. As there isn't a clear category, they sum up those features into 6 functional qualities, according to a functional review of conversational grammar: 1 . Dialogue takes place in a shared framework Speakers habitually have a whole lot of contextual background, together with a large amount of certain social, cultural and institutional knowledge. On those grounds, conversation works on the very high regularity of pronouns (especially you and I), replace pro-forms and ellipsis, deictic words (this, that, right now there, thenвЂ¦), non-clausal or fragmentary components, just like inserts. 2 . Conversation eliminates lexical and syntactic elaboration or standards of meaning In comparison with three written subscribes, it has a low density of lexical terms. It also suggests the use of brief phrases and a higher frequency of verbs and adverbs, as well as multi-word expressions like phrasal and prepositional verbs, idioms, collocations, lexico-grammatical organizations and lexical bundles.
3. Conversation is interactive It is co-constructed by by least a couple. As a result of this kind of, several features are implied. The use of problems is tremendously increased when compared with the crafted registers. Also eliciting reactions are frequent (sequences of Question-Answer are normal, also since non-clausal broken phrases, question tags and some types of inserts: greetings and farewells, backchannels, response elicitors). Other features are used, just like attention signaling forms, vocatives, and discourse markers. 4. Conversation conveys stance Interactive nature of conversation simply discussed extends to the use of courteous, emotional or perhaps respectful dialect in exchanges. Stance is usually realized by speech functions, such as demands, greetings, presents and i'm sorry, and also by interjections, expletives, exclamations, evaluative predicative adjectives, and stance adverbials. your five. Conversation takes place in real time...
Recommendations: - Biber, Douglas; Conrad, Susan; Leech, Geoffrey. 2009. Longman Pupil Grammar of Spoken and Written British. London: Longman. - Biber, Douglas; Johansson, Stig; Leech, Geoffrey Conrad, Susan; Finegan, Edward. 99. Longman Sentence structure of Used and Drafted English. Birmingham: Longman. - Rutterford, Jules. 2002. Educators. UK Tv shows: Channel 4. - Andries, Laurence. 2001. Six Foot Under: Neamul. USA TV Series: Premium Cable Television Network HBO (Home Field Cinema).